Requirements to Obtain an ATP Certificate
Be at least 23 years of age.
Be able to read, speak, write, and understand the
Be of good moral character.
Meet at least one of the following:
Hold at least a commercial pilot certificate and
an instrument rating.
Meet the military experience requirements
(listed in FAR 61.73) to qualify for a commercial
pilot certificate and an instrument rating.
Hold either a foreign ATP or a foreign
commercial pilot license and an instrument rating,
without limitations, issued by a member nation of
the International Civil Aviation Organization
Hold at least a current
FAA third-class medical certificate. Later, if your
flying requires an ATP certificate, you must hold a
first-class medical certificate.
Receive and log ground training from an authorized
instructor, or complete a home-study course (such as
Airline Transport Pilot FAA Knowledge Test and
Aviation Weather and Weather Services) to
Applicable Federal Aviation Regulations . . .
that relate to airline transport pilot privileges,
limitations, and flight operations.
Meteorology, including knowledge of and effects
of fronts, frontal characteristics, cloud
formations, icing, and upper-air data.
General systems of weather and NOTAM collection,
dissemination, interpretation, and use.
Interpretation and use of weather charts, maps,
forecasts, sequence reports, abbreviations, and
National Weather Service functions as they
pertain to operations in the National Airspace
Windshear and microburst awareness,
identification, and avoidance.
Principles of air navigation under instrument
meteorological conditions in the National Airspace
Air traffic control procedures and pilot
responsibilities as they relate to en route
operations, terminal area and radar operations, and
instrument departure and approach procedures.
Aircraft loading, weight and balance, use of
charts, graphs, tables, formulas, and computations,
and their effect on aircraft performance.
Aerodynamics relating to an aircraft's flight
characteristics and performance in normal and
abnormal flight regimes.
Aeronautical decision making and judgment.
Crew resource management to include crew
communication and coordination.
Pass a pilot knowledge test with a score of 70% or
A knowledge test is not required for you to add
another aircraft type rating to your ATP certificate
if your ATP certificate lists the aircraft category
and class rating that is appropriate to the type
Accumulate flight experience (FAR 61.159).
Except as provided in b. and c. on the next
page, you must log at least 1,500 hr. of total time
as a pilot that includes at least
500 hr. of cross-country flight time
100 hr. of night flight time
A person who has performed at least 20
night takeoffs and landings to a full stop
may substitute each additional night takeoff
and landing to a full stop for 1 hr. of
night flight time, limited to not more than
25 hr. of night flight time.
75 hr. of actual or simulated instrument
The maximum time that may be accumulated
in a flight simulator or flight training
device, representing an airplane, is either
25 hr., if the training is not
conducted under FAR Part 142, or
50 hr., if the training is conducted
under FAR Part 142.
250 hr. of flight time as PIC of an
airplane, or as SIC performing the duties and
functions of a PIC under the supervision of a
PIC, or by any combination of the two. This
requirement must include
NOTE: Not more than 100 hr.
of the total aeronautical experience
requirements may be obtained in a flight
simulator or a flight training device that
represents an airplane, provided the experience
was obtained in a course conducted under FAR
100 hr. of cross-country time
25 hr. of night flight time
A commercial pilot may credit the following
flight time toward the 1,500 hr. of total pilot
SIC time, provided the time is acquired in
an airplane, under one of the following
Required to have more than one pilot
flight crewmember by the airplane's flight
manual, a type certificate, or the
regulations under which the flight is being
Engaged in operations under Part 121 or
135 for which a SIC is required
Required under the FARs to have more
than one pilot flight crewmember
Flight-engineer time, provided the time
Is acquired in an airplane required to
have a flight engineer by the airplane's
flight manual or type certificate
Is acquired while in operations
conducted under Part 121 for which a flight
engineer is required
Is acquired while the person is
participating in a pilot training program
under Part 121
Does not exceed more than 1 hr. for each
3 hr. of flight-engineer flight time for a
total credited time of not more than 500 hr.
You may be issued an ATP certificate with the
endorsement "Holder does not meet the pilot in
command aeronautical experience requirements of
ICAO," if you
Credit SIC or flight-engineer time toward
the 1,500 hr. total flight time requirement
Do not have at least 1,200 hr. of flight
time as a pilot, including no more than 50% of
your SIC time and none of your flight-engineer
Otherwise meet the aeronautical experience
NOTE: The endorsement
described in item c. above will be removed when
you present satisfactory evidence of the
accumulation of 1,200 hr. flight time as a pilot
including no more than 50% of your SIC time and
none of your flight-engineer time.
Successfully complete the ATP practical flight test
given as a final exam by an FAA inspector or designated
pilot examiner and conducted as specified in the FAA's
Airline Transport Pilot and Type Rating Practical Test
Standards (FAA-S-8081-5B, dated July 1995).
The ATP practical test covers the following
areas of operations:
Takeoff and departure phase
Landings and approaches to landings
Normal and abnormal procedures
We do not provide a flight maneuver book for the
ATP since the test is make and model specific to the
airplane being used.